PORT BICKERTON LIGHTHOUSE

For visitor's information, go to Port Bickerton Lighthouse .

View No Ka Oi Drone Video - Port Bickerton Lighthouses 1930 & 1962

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
Lighthouse History Contributor: Kathy Brown.
Photographs: Dan Conlin and Nova Scotia Lighthouse Interpretive Centre.
Sources: Nova Scotia Lighthouse Interpretive Centre.
© Courtesy Department of Fisheries and Oceans


Current Tower

The Third Port Bickerton Lighthouse c. 2000
The current light tower is a square while concrete building.
© Courtesy the Nova Scotia Lighthouse Interpretive Centre


Early History

The Second and Third Port Bickerton Lighthouses
In the foreground is the reconstructed second light which is now a lighthouse interpretive centre. The current operational lighthouse is in the background.
Bickerton was settled in 1840 by a group of fishermen from Peggy's Cove. Although Bickerton Island was settled first, the area surrounding the lighthouse was settled soon afterwards.
It was not until 1901 that the first of three lighthouses was constructed in Port Bickerton. Emery Taylor of Stillwater, N.S. was contracted to build the lighthouse with a bid of only five hundred dollars. The lighthouse was completed in January of 1901, but it was not operational until October 10th of the same year. The lighthouse was a small harbour light, housed in a square, wooden tower, painted white with sloping sides. The western region of Barachois Head was home to this first lighthouse. It was erected one hundred feet from the shore, on a site twenty-five feet above the high tide line In clear weather it was visible for seven miles.

As the years passed, it was clear that the lighthouse was not a sturdy building and in about 1924 it was replaced, probably by a temporary light. In 1930 the light was first shown from the combined light and dwelling which still remains on the station. (This building is now the Nova Scotia Lighthouse Interpretive Centre and is open to the public.)

The first lighthouse keeper was Theodore O'Hara. His yearly salary was one hundred and fifty dollars. Until the first residence was completed in March of 1903, he had to row back and forth to the light from the village across the harbour. Keepers were not well paid. In the 1940's they were paid only nineteen dollars each month. Irvin Beiswanger had to fish lobster as well as keep the light in order to earn a living.

A fire in the district in 1947 brought the lighthouse dangerously close to destruction. The blaze started across the peninsula in Fisherman's Harbour and worked its way to the light. Fortunately, residents in the community were able to douse the fire with water from the sea. The light escaped destruction with only some damage to the roof.
Until 1948, the fog warning device consisted of a small, manually operated fog horn and was utilized only when boats were entering the harbour. Electricity was introduced to the Port Bickerton area in December 1947, and along with it came an automatic fog horn. The first automatic horn sounded from the Port Bickerton light October 20, 1948. Now on top of ensuring that the light itself remained lit, the keepers also had to start the engine for the fog horn. They were responsible, as well, for relaying the weather over a two-way radio. In 1962 the light was converted to electricity. Up until that time oil had been used.

Photo - © Dan Conlin


Later History

Fire at the Bickerton Light. One substantial area of concern associated with the timber buildings on lightstations was that of fire. In 1962 the Port Bickerton fog alarm building was destroyed by a fire. The fire started when the assistant lighthouse keeper tried to remove paint from the floor of the fog alarm building with a blow torch. It is believed that the torch ignited oil which had seeped through the floor, making the fire impossible to extinguish. The light keeper and his assistant removed the fog alarm engine, stove, and other minor pieces of equipment so the tanks, only were lost. The building itself was damaged beyond repair. The fire did not spread to the other buildings on the station because of the quick thinking of the keeper's wife. She went immediately to Bickerton by car and brought out a small pump and several men from the village. The men used the pump to hose the assistant's dwelling and also to contain the fire in the fog alarm building.
The concrete tower at Port Bickerton with the second lighthouse in the background. Soon after the fire, K.C.Curren, Superintendent of Lights, along with marine mechanic A.Shortt went to the Bickerton light to investigate the matter. The recommendation was made to provide light stations with a gas driven fire pump. As a result of the visit of Curren and Shortt, a combined fog alarm building and light tower of concrete were constructed. This was the third light built at Bickerton, and it still stands today. The concrete light is still in operation. The second lighthouse has been restored and is open to the public as The Nova Scotia Lighthouse Interpretive Centre.

Port Bickerton Area Planning Association, recipient, Craig Harding Award for Lighthouse Preservation, 2006

© Courtesy Nova Scotia Lighthouse Interpretive Centre


Location

Port Bickerton, on the Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia. The lighthouses stand dramatically on a bluff at the end of the headland. The second lighthouse has been restored and houses the Nova Scotia Lighthouse Interpretive Centre.


PORT BICKERTON I - Light Details

  • Location: On west extremity of Barachois Head
  • Standing: This light is no longer standing.
  • Operating: This light is no longer operating.
  • Began: 1901
  • Year Lit: 1901
  • Engineer: Oct 10
  • Structure Type: Square wood tower, white
  • Light Characteristic: Fixed White (1922)
  • Tower Height: 023ft feet high.
  • Light Height: 043ft feet above water level.


History Items for This Lighthouse

  • 1922 - 6th order dioptric lens, hand fog horn
  • 1924 - replaced by temporary light
  • 1930 - replaced by second light

PORT BICKERTON II - Light Details

  • This is a museum.
  • Location: On west extremity of Barachois Head
  • Standing: This light is still standing.
  • Operating: This light is no longer operating.
  • Decommissioned: This light has been decommissioned.
  • Began: 1930
  • Year Lit: 1930
  • Structure Type: Lantern on roof of square wood dwelling, white


History Items for This Lighthouse

  • 1962 - replaced second tower
  • 1990 - 1992 - electric lantern, fog signal in operation

PORT BICKERTON III - Light Details

  • Location: On west extremity of Barachois Head
  • Standing: This light is still standing.
  • Operating: This light is operational
  • Automated: All operating lights in Nova Scotia are automated.
  • Date Automated: Automated by 1988
  • Began: 1962
  • Year Lit: 1962
  • Structure Type: Square concrete tower, white, attached to fog alarm building
  • Light Characteristic: Isophasic White (1990)


History Items for This Lighthouse

  • 1930 - hand fog horn in operation
  • 1960 - fog signal sounded from tower
  • 1962 - 1965 - replaced by present tower between these dates

Lightkeepers for Port Bickerton Lighthouse

  • O'Hara, Theodore 1901-1931
  • Kaiser, Calvin 1932-1937
  • Taylor, Harvey 1937-1940
  • Beiswanger, Irvin 1940-1956
  • Beiswanger, Harold 1956-1961
  • Budge, Fred 1960-1977
  • Lovitt, Lamont 1977-1982
  • Lowe, Hector 1983-1988

Highlights

  • County: Guysborough
  • Region: Eastern Shore
  • Body of Water: Port Bickerton
  • Scenic Drive: Marine Drive
  • Site Access: By Car
  • Characteristic: Isophasic White (1990)
  • Tower Height:
  • Height Above Water:
  • Latitude: 45~05~24.0
  • Longitude: 61~42~01.7
  • Off Shore: No
  • Still Standing: Yes
  • Still Operating: No

Contact NSLPS

ask.us@nslps.com

C/O Maritime Museum of the Atlantic
1675 Lower Water Street
Halifax NS, Canada B3J 1S3