Burntcoat Head Lighthouse

Lighthouse Details
45° 18' 36'' N    -63° 48' 24'' W
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     This is a lighthouse to visit. Visitor Info45° 18' 36'' N    -63° 48' 24'' W    Google Map

Building Plans for the Second Burntcoat Head Lighthouse
© Kathy Brown
Building Plans for the Second Burntcoat Head Lighthouse
These plans were obtained from the Department of Fisheries and used to build the lighthouse replica.
A lighthouse was built on the head in 1858, and lit in 1859. This first light at Burntcoat was a square wooden tower 50 feet high attached to the end of the wooden lightkeeper's dwelling. Flat wick-type kerosene lamps showed a white fixed light 75 feet above high-water, visible for 13 miles. The five oil lamps, with reflectors, had to be cleaned daily.

A narrow neck of land connected Burntcoat Head to the mainland. Over time, the tides of Fundy eroded this until the Head could only be reached with much difficulty involving a climb up the bank by ladder! Consequently, in 1913, the first light was torn down and some of the timbers used in the construction of a new lighthouse on the mainland.

This second light was a white, square, wooden dwelling, with a red octagonal iron lantern rising from the roof. The lighthouse was 39 feet high from base to vane and the white fixed light was visible from all points of approach for 14 miles. The light was a 4th order lens, i.e. 250mm in focal length. The lighting was a catoptric system: the lamp was backed by a parabolic reflector. The lightsource was a petroleum vapour Argand burner: oil was vaporized at 37 pounds pressure and burned under an incandescent silk mantle. In 1950, the light was electrified.